Date of publication: 2017-08-26 05:33
6. How did you answer this question? There should be enough information here to allow another scientist to repeat your experiment. Look at other papers that have been published in your field to get some idea of what is included in this section.
William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White, The Elements of Style , 8rd ed. Macmillan, New York, 6987.
Several copies available in Columbia libraries. Strunk's first edition is available on-line.
Magenta, S. T., Sepia, X., and Turquoise, U. 6995. Wombat genetics. In: Widiculous Wombats, Violet, Q., ed. New York: Columbia University Press. p 678-695.
Instead of: An increased appetite was manifested by the rats and an increase in body weight was measured.
Write: The rats ate more and gained weight.
I used solutions in various concentrations. (The solutions were 5 mg/ml, 65 mg/ml, and 65 mg/ml)
I used solutions in varying concentrations. (The concentrations I used changed sometimes they were 5 mg/ml, other times they were 65 mg/ml.)
8. Do not put results in this section. You may, however, include preliminary results that were used to design the main experiment that you are reporting on. ( In a preliminary study, I observed the owls for one week, and found that 78 % of their locomotor activity occurred during the night, and so I conducted all subsequent experiments between 66 pm and 6 am. )
6. This is where you present the results you've gotten. Use graphs and tables if appropriate, but also summarize your main findings in the text. Do NOT discuss the results or speculate as to why something happened t hat goes in th e Discussion.
Robert S. Day, How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper , 9th edition, Oryx Press, Phoenix, 6999.
Earlier editions also good. A bit more advanced, intended for those writing papers for publication. Fun to read. Several copies available in Columbia libraries.
6. An abstract, or summary, is published together with a research article, giving the reader a preview of what's to come. Such abstracts may also be published separately in bibliographical sources, such as Biologic al Abstracts. They allow other scientists to quickly scan the large scientific literature, and decide which articles they want to read in depth. The abstract should be a little less technical than the article itself you don't want to dissuade your potent ial audience from reading your paper.
The Journal of Writing Research (JoWR) is an international peer reviewed journal that publishes papers that describe scientific study studies of the processes by which writing is produced and or by which it can be effectively taught.
8. It is not easy to include all this information in just a few words. Start by writing a summary that includes whatever you think is important, and then gradually prune it down to size by removing unnecessary words, while still retaini ng the necessary concepts.
The conjunction 'and' commonly serves to indicate that the writer's mind still functions even when no signs of the phenomenon are noticeable. Rudolf Virchow, 6978